Krishi Vigyan Kendra (KVK) Part- II

  • The KVK scheme is 100% financed by Govt. of India and the KVKs are sanctioned to Agricultural Universities, ICAR institutes, related Government Departments and Non-Government Organizations (NGOs) working in Agriculture.
  • The KVK is an integral part of the National Agricultural Research System (NARS).

In the last blog, we focused on KVK’s origin, need, aims, activities and responsibilities. This blog will focus on KVKs’ programmes for training in farming, the Krishi Vigyan Kendra portal, major events of KVKs and more.

Training programmes in KVK:

  • Training is one of the major activities of KVK. After the selection of the focal village, the need & problem analysis is done by a PRA survey.
  • Accordingly, need-based training programmes are conducted for practising farmers, rural youths & extension functionaries. While conducting training programmes, the following objectives are considered.
i) Practising farmers:
  • Conducting need-based and problem-solving training for maximum productivity of different crops and relation activities
  • Similarly, women empowerment drudgery reduction etc, are conducted
ii) Rural youth:
  • Conducting skill-oriented training programmed for creating self-employment like nursery management PHT, vermin-culture, high tech poly house and entrepreneurship based programmes like back yard poultry, commercial goat farming and emu farming.
iii) Extension farming:
  • Various programmes for government organization are planned and conducted for training on current events and knowledge updating.

Krishi Vigyan Kendra portal 

  • The Government has launched the Krishi Vigyan Kendras (KVKs) Portal which will help in monitoring the functioning of KVKs at the National level and in providing timely information and advisory to the farmers.

Aim

  • The aim of the portal is to transfer the technologies developed by the agricultural scientists to the farmers in a fast and effective manner using the web and mobile technology as well as to monitor the activities of Krishi Vigyan Kendra’s (KVKs).

Objectives

  • To create a platform to monitor the various activities as well as resource utilization by various KVKs;
  • To create a database of the various programmes organized by the KVKs along with their detailed information and learning resources;
  • To help the farmers in resolving their queries using the web and mobile technologies;
  • To provide information about various facilities and activities performed by the KVKs and to provide linkage to other important information such as weather and market information.

The farmers and the Agricultural Officers may register themselves and seek different information related to KVKs.

MAJOR EVENTS AT KVK

  1. Jal Shakthi Abhiyan
  2. Crop residue management
  3. PM KISAN 2019
  4. Swachhata hi Sewa 
  5. Krishi Kalyan Abyan
  6. Sankalp se siddhi
  7. World Soil Day
  8. Krishi Unnati Mela

1. Jal Shakthi Abhiyan:

  • Launched: May 2019
  • This was formed by merging of two ministries; Ministry of Water Resources, River Development & Ganga Rejuvenation and Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation.
  • JSA focuses on 
  1. Water conservation and rainwater harvesting
  2. Renovation of traditional and other water bodies/tanks
  3. Reuse and recharge structures
  4. Watershed development
  5. Intensive afforestation
  • JSA in KVK: Krishi Vigyan Kendra Melas to promote efficient water use for irrigation (Per Drop More Crop), and a better choice of crops for water conservation

2. Crop Residue Management:

  • Camp on Crop residue management with the theme of In situ management of paddy straw was conducted at kvk’s.
  • Farmers are educated about the in-situ management of paddy straw so that a pollution-free environment is created.
  • They also urged the farmers not to burn the paddy straw and save the environment from deterioration.
  • They welcomed all the participants and awarded farmers regarding different types of machinery useful for paddy straw management.
  • Conducting front line demonstration on their fields.

3. PM KISAN 2019

  • Pradhan Mantri Kisan Samman Nidhi
  • Established: 1 February 2019
  • Budget: ₹75,000 crores
  • It is an initiative by the government of India in which all farmers will get up to ₹6,000 per family in three equal instalments of Rs 200O each, every four months as minimum income support.
  • Krishi Mela which is conducted in KVK educates farmers and helps them enrol in the scheme

4. Swachhata hi Sewa 

  • Swachhta hi Seva is a massive nationwide awareness and mobilization campaign on Swachhta.
  •  The Swachhta hi Seva is being organized from September 11 till October 2, 2019.
  • PM Modi had set the goal of making India ODF by October 2, the 150th birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi under the Swachh Bharat Mission (SBM).

5. Krishi Kalyan Abhiyan

  • The Ministry of agriculture cooperation and farmers welfare has launched a two months programme commencing from 1 June 2018 to 31st July 2018 in 117 aspirational districts of the country.
  •  The program is called Krishi Kalyan Abhiyan and is focused on giving a boost to agriculture and allied activities in these aspirational districts.
  •  An action plan comprising of activities of the three departments DACFW, DAHDF and DARE will be implemented during this period with Krishi Vigyan Kendra’s as the nodal point.


6. Sankalp Se Siddhi

  • The Indian government organises an event to spread awareness of a project that aims to eradicate poverty, terrorism, corruption, communalism, uncleanliness and casteism in India.
  • Language: Hindi

7. World Soil Day

  • Since 2015, World Soil Day (WSD) is held annually by KVKs, ICAR Institutes and Agricultural Universities of the country on 5 December as a means to focus attention on the importance of healthy soil and advocating for sustainable management of soil resources.
  •  On 5 December 2017, a total of 573 KVKs organized the event with the participation of more than 2.06 lakh participants including 1.97 lakh farmers.
  •  A number of activities like Farmer-Scientist Interactions, Exhibitions on soil health management, soil sampling and testing demonstrations, plant nutrient deficiency diagnostics and advisories for balanced nutrition of crops, field visits and distribution of soil health cards were organized on the occasion. 
  • As many as 1.68 lakh soil health cards were prepared and distributed by the KVKs to the farmers.
  •  Farmers were also explained about soil test based use of fertilizers.


8. Krishi Unnati Mela

  • The three-day annual Krishi Unnati Mela was organised between March 16 and March 18, 2018, at Mela ground, IARI, Pusa, New Delhi. 
  • On this occasion, the Hon’ble Prime Minister addressed farmers, inaugurated the Jaivik Kheti portal and laid the foundation stone of 25 KVKs and inaugurated Biennial National Conference on KVK, addressing 681 KVKs through live telecast on March 17, 2018.
  • Major highlights of the mela: More than 800 stalls displaying of latest Agri and allied sector technologies, Live Demonstrations on Micro- Irrigation, Waste Water Utilization, Animal Husbandry (Pashudhan) and Fisheries, Seminars and Conferences etc.

The topic covered in the blog pertains to UPSC papers on GS 3 Agriculture and Essay type questions. Don’t forget to subscribe so that you never miss out on such important and interesting topics. Check out our previous blogs on various topics here.

Blog Post written by:
Anurag Trivedi
UPSC Mentor