Indian Council of Indian Agriculture (ICAR)

  • ICAR is an autonomous organisation under the Department of Agricultural Research and Education (DARE), Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare, Government of India.
  • Formerly known as Imperial Council of Agricultural Research, 
  • Established - 16 July 1929
  • Under the Societies Registration Act, 1860 in pursuance of the report of the Royal Commission on Agriculture. 
  • Headquarters - New Delhi.
  • The Council is the apex body for co-ordinating, guiding and managing research and education in agriculture including horticulture, fisheries and animal sciences in the entire country. 
  • With 101 ICAR institutes and 71 agricultural universities spread across the country, this is one of the largest national agricultural systems in the world. 
  • The ICAR has played a pioneering role in ushering Green Revolution and subsequent developments in agriculture in India through its research and technology development
  • It has enabled the country to increase the production of (since 1950-51 to 2017-18)
  • Foodgrains by 5.6 times,
  • Horticultural crops by 10.5 times,
  • Fish - 16.8 times, 
  • Milk - 10.4 times  
  • Eggs - 52.9 times
  • Thus making a visible impact on the national food and nutritional security. 
  • It has played a major role in promoting excellence in higher education in agriculture. 
  • It is engaged in cutting edge areas of science and technology development and its scientists are internationally acknowledged in their fields.


Image result for icar

 

Divisions and Units

Mandate

  • Plan, Undertake, Coordinate and Promote Research and Technology Development for Sustainable Agriculture.
  • Aid, Impart and Coordinate Agricultural Education to enable Quality Human Resource Development.
  • Frontline Extension for technology application, adoption, knowledge management and capacity development for agri-based rural development.
  • Policy, Cooperation and Consultancy in Agricultural Research, Education & Extension.

Organization

  • Union Minister of Agriculture is the ex-officio President of the ICAR Society.
  • Secretary, Department of Agricultural Research and Education, Ministry of Agriculture, Government of India and Director General, ICAR is the Principal Executive Officer of the Council
  • Governing Body is the policy-making authority
  • Deputy Directors-General
  • Additional Secretary (DARE) and Secretary (ICAR)
  • Additional Secretary and Financial Advisor
  • Assistant Directors-General

Milestones

  • 1957- Initiation of the first All-India Co-ordinated Research Project on Maize
  • 1958- Status of Deemed University accorded to IARI 
  • 1960- Establishment of the first State Agricultural University on land grant pattern at Pant Nagar. 
  • 1966- Placement of different agricultural research institutes under the purview of ICAR 
  • 1973- Creation of Department of Agricultural Research and Education (DARE) in the Ministry of Agriculture 
  • 1974- Opening of first Krishi Vigyan Kendra (KVK) at Pondicherry 
  • 1975- Establishment of Agricultural Research Service and Agricultural Scientists' Recruitment Board 
  • 1979- Launching of Lab-to-Land Programme and the National Agricultural Research Project (NARP) 
  • 1995- Initiation of Institution-Village Linkage Programme (IVLP) 
  • 1996- Establishment of National Gene Bank at New Delhi
  • The ICAR was bestowed with the King Baudouin Award in 1989 for its valuable contribution in ushering in the Green Revolution. 
  • Again awarded King Baudouin Award in 2004 for research and development efforts made under partnership in Rice Wheat Consortium.
  • Launching of National Agricultural Technology Project (NATP) in 1998 and the National Agricultural Innovation Project (NAIP) in 2005.

Knowledge Initiatives

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Blog Post written by:
Anurag Trivedi
UPSC Mentor